Filtering An Array of Items by Tag in JavaScript

As a web developer delving into self-study of programming languages like JavaScript, you might encounter scenarios where you need to filter items based on specific tags in an array. In this blog post, we’ll explore a simple example using JavaScript to filter items efficiently.

Example Scenario

Consider an array of items, each having tags associated with them. For instance:

const items = [
  { id: 1, name: 'Item A', tags: ['tag1', 'tag2'] },
  { id: 2, name: 'Item B', tags: ['tag2', 'tag3'] },
  { id: 3, name: 'Item C', tags: ['tag1', 'tag3'] },

Using filter

Our goal is to create a function that can filter this array to retrieve items based on a specific tag.

function getItemsByTag(tagToFind) {
  return items.filter(item => item.tags.includes(tagToFind));


  • The getItemsByTag function takes a tag as an argument.
  • It utilizes the filter method to create a new array containing only the items that have the specified tag.


Let’s see how this function works in practice:

// Example: Get items with 'tag2'
const itemsWithTag2 = getItemsByTag('tag2');

Alternative method

In addition to leveraging the filter method for tag-based array filtering in JavaScript, another efficient alternative involves utilizing a forEach loop. This method offers a slightly different approach, iterating over each item in the array and selectively appending items with the desired tag to a new array. The function might look like this:

function getItemsByTag(tagToFind) {
  const result = [];

  items.forEach(item => {
    if (item.tags.includes(tagToFind)) {

  return result;

This alternative presents a clear and concise way to achieve the same goal. As you navigate the intricacies of JavaScript, exploring diverse methods empowers you to choose the approach that aligns best with your coding style and preferences.


Filtering items based on tags is a common task in programming, and with JavaScript’s array methods, it becomes a straightforward process. This example provides a foundation that you can adapt to your specific data structures and requirements.

As you continue your self-study journey, experimenting with practical scenarios like these will enhance your understanding of JavaScript and its capabilities.

This article was assisted with ChatGPT.

This article was updated on February 21, 2024